Upgrade or Migrate?

Should you upgrade or migrate?

Migration lets you to move the configuration of an existing server to a new server computer. Migrations are often selected over upgrades because the process is less destructive and more recoverable. Depending on the services and functionality that you need to migrate to a new server instance, there will be different requirements and actions you need to take. Fundamentally though, migration can be broken down into three phases.

      Pre-migration

  • Installing, running migration tools and identifying any prerequisites. For example, drivers and ports.
  • Preparing source server. For example, backing up your data.
  • Preparing destination server. For example, ensuring drivers and ports are available

     migration

  • Exporting or migrating data from source server.
  • Importing or migrating data to destination server.

      Post-migration

  • Verify destination server is running successfully.
  • Decommission source server.

Post-Installation Configuration steps

The post-installation process involves configuring all of the other settings that the server requires before it can be deployed to a production environment.

  1. Configure the IP address
  2. Set the computer name
  3. Join the domain
  4. Configure the time zone
  5. Enable automatic updates
  6. Add roles and features
  7. Enable remote desktop
  8. Configure Windows Firewall settings

Post-Installation Configuration steps

The post-installation process involves configuring all of the other settings that the server requires before it can be deployed to a production environment.

  1. Configure the IP address
  2. Set the computer name
  3. Join the domain
  4. Configure the time zone
  5. Enable automatic updates
  6. Add roles and features
  7. Enable remote desktop
  8. Configure Windows Firewall settings

What is Server Manager?

Server Manager is the primary graphical tool used to manage both local and remote servers. With Server Manager you can create groups of servers. This enables you to perform administrative tasks quickly across multiple servers that perform the same role, or are members of the same group.  Additionally, Server Manager provides access to many administrative tools.

What are Windows Server Features?

Windows Server 2012 features are independent components that often support role services or support the server directly. For example, Windows Server Backup is a feature because it only provides backup support for the local server. It is not a resource that other servers on the network can use.

The Add Roles and Features Wizard and the Remove Roles and Features Wizard in Server Manager modifies the features that are installed on the server.

Windows Server `12 -Server Roles

Which server role enables you to centrally configure, mange, and provide temporary IP addresses and related information for client computers?

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Server. The DHCP server enables you to centrally configure, manage, and provide temporary IP addresses and related information for client computers. IP addresses are used to uniquely identify the client computers on your network. 

Which server role provides the services that you can use to create and manage virtual machines and their resources?

Hyper-V Server. The Hyper-V Server provides services to create and manage virtual machines and their resources. Each virtual machine is a virtualized computer system that operates in an isolated execution environment. This allows you to run multiple operating systems simultaneously. etwork. 

Which server role provides a reliable, manageable, and scalable Web application infrastructure?

Web Server (IIS). The Web Server provides a reliable, manageable, and scalable Web application infrastructure. IIS supports hosting of Web content in production environments.etwork. 

Which server role stores information about objects on the network and makes this information available to users and network administrators?

Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) Server. The AD DS server stores information about objects on the network and makes this information available to users and network administrators. Servers that run the AD DS Server role are called Domain Controllers. These servers provide network users access to resources through a single logon process. 

Which server role allows network administrators to specify the Microsoft updates that should be installed on different computers?

Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) Server. The WSUS server allows network administrators to specify the Microsoft updates that should be installed on different computers. Keeping your computers updated with the latest updates is an important part of securing the network. With WSUS you can automate this process and create different update schedules for your computers 

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Which server role enables you to centrally configure, mange, and provide temporary IP addresses and related information for client computers?

Show Answer

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Server. The DHCP server enables you to centrally configure, manage, and provide temporary IP addresses and related information for client computers. IP addresses are used to uniquely identify the client computers on your network.

Which server role provides the services that you can use to create and manage virtual machines and their resources?

Show Answer

Hyper-V Server. The Hyper-V Server provides services to create and manage virtual machines and their resources. Each virtual machine is a virtualized computer system that operates in an isolated execution environment. This allows you to run multiple operating systems simultaneously. etwork.

Which server role provides a reliable, manageable, and scalable Web application infrastructure?

Show Answer

Web Server (IIS). The Web Server provides a reliable, manageable, and scalable Web application infrastructure. IIS supports hosting of Web content in production environments.etwork.

Which server role stores information about objects on the network and makes this information available to users and network administrators?

Show Answer

Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) Server. The AD DS server stores information about objects on the network and makes this information available to users and network administrators. Servers that run the AD DS Server role are called Domain Controllers. These servers provide network users access to resources through a single logon process.

Which server role allows network administrators to specify the Microsoft updates that should be installed on different computers?

Show Answer

Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) Server. The WSUS server allows network administrators to specify the Microsoft updates that should be installed on different computers. Keeping your computers updated with the latest updates is an important part of securing the network. With WSUS you can automate this process and create different update schedules for your computers.

Which server feature allows multiple servers to work together to provide high availability of server roles?

Show Answer

Failover Clustering. Failover clustering is often used for File Services, virtual machines, database applications, and mail applications.

Which server feature includes snap-ins and command line tools for remotely managing roles and features?

Show Answer

Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT). RSAT Tools are divided into Feature Administration Tools and Role Administration Tools. Feature Administration Tools include Failover Clustering Tools, IPAM Client, and Network Load Balancing Tools. Role Administration Tools include Hyper-V Management Tools, DHCP Server Tools, and Remote Access Management Tools.

Which server feature distributes network traffic across several servers, using the TCP/IP protocol?

Show Answer

Network Load Balancing (NLB). NLB is particularly useful for ensuring stateless applications, such as Web Servers running IIS, are scalable by adding additional services as the load increases.

Which server feature includes Windows PowerShell cmdlets that facilitate migration of server roles, operating system settings, files, and shares from computers that are running earlier versions of Windows Server?

Show Answer

Windows Server Migration Tools. Windows Server Migration Tools can also facilitate migration from one computer that is running Windows Server 2012 to another server that is running Windows Server 2012. For example when you are creating a backup server.

Which server feature provides a central framework for managing your IP address space and DHCP and DNS servers?

Show Answer

IP Address Management Server (IPAM). IPAM supports automated discovery of DHCP and DNS servers in the Active Directory forest. IPAM can also track and monitor IPv4 and IPv6 addresses, as well as providing utilization tools.